NexSys publications

A PDF with a list of publications from 2022 and part of 2023 can be viewed here.

The publications below include fully funded NexSys publications, publications that were part-funded by ESIPP, NexSys’ predecessor programme, as well as publications that were noted as relevant to the programme

2023 publications to date

Refereed original articles


[Format: Authors, Title, Journal, DOI] 


1) Scarselli, G, Quan, D., Prasad, V., Rao, P.S., M Hardiman, M., Reid, I., O’Dowd, N.P., Murphy, N. & Ivankovic, A. Mode I fracture toughness of glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites after UV and atmospheric plasma treatments, Composites Science and Technology,


2) Parivendhan, G., Cardiff, P., Flint, T., Tuković, Z., Obeidi, M., Brabazon, D. & Ivanković, A. A numerical study of processing parameters and their effect on the melt-track profile in Laser Powder Bed Fusion processes, Additive Manufacturing,


3) Batistić, I, Cardiff, P., Ivanković, A. & Tuković, Z. A finite volume penalty-based implicit procedure for the treatment of the frictionless contact boundaries, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering,


4) Dreelan, A. Ivankovic & D J Browne. Grain structure predictions for metallic additive manufacturing processes, Mater. Sci. Eng.,


5) Blackman, B., Sun, F., Teixeira De Freitas, S., de Barros, S., Arouche, M.M., & Ivankovic, A. Understanding fracture mode-mixity and its effects on bond performance, Advances in Structural Adhesive Bonding,


6) Khan, Z., Long, X., Casey, E., Dowling, D., & Ferguson, S.. Development of continuous spatially distributed diafiltration unit operations, Reaction Chemistry & Engineering,


7) Afkousi-Paqaleh, M., Jafarian, M., & Keane, A. Modelling the Interdependence of Multiple Electricity Markets in the Distribution System Aggregator Bidding, IEEE Transactions on Energy Markets, Policy and Regulation,


8) Yasuda, E.M. Carlini, A. Estanqueiro, P.B. Eriksen, D. Flynn, L. Finn Herre, B.-M. Hodge, H. Holttinen, M.J. Koivisto, E. Gómez-Lózaro, S.M. Martínez, N. Menemenlis, G. Morales- España, C. Pellinger, A. Ramos, C. Smith, & T.K. Vrana. Flexibility chart 2.0: an accessible visual tool to evaluate flexibility resources in power systems, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,


9) Zhao, X. Kestelyn, Q. Cossart, F. Colas, D. Flynn. State residualisation and Kron reduction for model order reduction of energy systems, Applied Sciences,


10) Keyvani, E. Whelan, E. Doddy, D. Flynn. Indirect weather-based approaches for increasing power transfer capabilities of electrical transmission networks, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment,


11) Sood, Divyanshu, Alhindawi, Ibrahim, Ali, Usman, McGrath, James A., Byrne, Miriam A., Finn, Donal, & O’Donnell, James. Simulation-based evaluation of occupancy on energy consumption of multi-scale residential building archetypes, Journal of Building Engineering,


12) Banerjee, Aparajita & Schuitema, Geertje. Spatial justice as a prerequisite for a just transition in rural areas? The case study from the Irish peatlands, Environment and Planning Part C: Politics and Space, https:://


13) McGinley, J., Harmon O’Driscoll, J., Healy, M.G., Ryan, P.C., Mellander, P.E., Morrison, L., Callery, O., Siggins, A. Impact of historical legacy pesticides on achieving legislative goals in Europe, Science of the Total Environment,


14) O’Hegarty, R. & Kinnane, O. A whole life carbon analysis of the Irish residential sector-past, present and future, Energy and Climate Change,


15) Oeschger, G, Caulfield, B. & Carroll, P. Investigating the role of micromobility for first- and last-mile connections to public transport. Journal of Cycling and Micromobility Research, 


16) Wisudawan, A., Jaksic, V., Pakrashi, V., & Murphy, J. Variability of Kinetic Response Estimates of Froude Scaled DeepCwind Semisubmersible Platforms Subjected to Wave Loading. J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng.,

17) Keane, A. Buckle up: Electrification of transport is happening [In my view],” in IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 114-116, https://10.1109/MPE.2023.3308249 

18) Minion, L. & Banerjee, A. ‘I can feel the money go out the window: how high energy prices evoke negative emotions in people with previous experience of homelessness. Energy Research and Social Science, vol.108,


Refereed conference proceedings

[Format: Author list, Title, Conference title, DOI]


1) Mendieta, D. Flynn, Grid integration impacts of hydrostatic transmission-based wind turbines, IEEE PES PowerTech, 10.PowerTech.2023


2) Stanley, L. Ryan, D. Flynn, Strategies to increase grid flexibility for an isolated system with over 80% renewable electricity in 2030, International Conference on the European Electricity Market (EEM), 10.EEM.2023.1


3)            Improving wind power market value with various aspects of diversification, International Conference on the European Electricity Market (EEM), 10.EEM.2023.2


4) Maryam Pourmahdi-torghabe, Terence O’Donnell, Hamed Heydari-doostabad, Reza Ghazi. Bridgeless Active PFC Modified Cuk-based Rectifiers with Positive/Negative Output Voltage and Low Semiconductors Voltage Stress, 27th International Electrical Power Distribution Conference, DOI not yet available






-PhD researcher Alireza Etemad’s project is entitled ‘Integration of Supply, Demand, and Policy for Development of 5th Generation District Heating Systems’. You can download a copy of his recent presentation at the EirGrid research forum which took place in Dublin in August 2023 here. Learn more on this Researcher Spotlight: Researcher spotlight: Alireza Etemad – NexSys Next Generation Energy Systems (                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

– Prof Eoghan Clifford is co-author of a 2023 white paper on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Water Resource Recovery Facilities produced by the International Water Association Climate Smart Utilities GHG sub-group.


Nexsys researchers explore the just transition

NexSys researchers Dr Aparajita Banerjee and Assoc. Prof Geertje Schuitema, who lead the Just Transition Research Group in University College Dublin hosted a half-day conference on just transition in Ireland on 7 June. Dr Banerjee and Assoc. Prof. Geertje Schuitema are both based in University College Dublin’s School of Business and part of the NexSys research partnership.

Dr Aparajita Banerjee

Dr Aparajita Banerjee opening the conference


The event, also organised by Oscar Mooney, Project Coordinator for the Just Transition Research Group and research assistant at UCD, took place in UCD’s Smurfit Business School Campus and online. It was sponsored by the UCD Earth Institute SPSM Funding Mechanism.




Transitioning to a low-carbon economy requires transformative changes in technology, society, human behaviour, and institutional practices.


The conference facilitated a cross-disciplinary dialogue to encourage integrated and interdisciplinary knowledge and understanding of how a Just Transition to a low-carbon future can be achieved.


Here are some of the questions that were explored:


●How can research on Just Transition contribute to the decarbonisation of our socio-economic systems?

●How can we produce knowledge that can ensure social justice is not compromised during the transition process?

● How can integrated and interdisciplinary research contribute to solving complex societal problems?


Assoc. Prof Schuitema said: “The just transition is a so-called wicked problem, which means it’s very difficult to solve due to its complex, multi-layered and interconnected nature. This is why we need a discussion that includes different perspectives and angles. The fact we heard so many perspectives today is what made this conference really inspiring.”


In rounding up the conference, she also noted some of the common themes that emerged from the discussion, including:

  • The need for radical change when it comes to achieving a just transition
  • The just transition is an opportunity to reduce existing inequalities
  • Solutions must involve and include the communities, workers, farmers and all those impacted on the ground
  • The need for institutional change, with well designed bottom-up and top-down approaches.
  • The recognition that technological solutions are needed, but also have societal and political implications
  • Researchers can play an active role in driving projects, talk to industry and policy makers, and empower communities


A recent publication by NexSys researchers


Policymakers need to include spatial differences to ensure a just transition: a case study from the Irish midlands


A month before the conference, a new paper by Dr Aparajita Banerjee and Associate Professor Geertje Schuitema was published. The paper argued that, in order for a just transition to take place, policymakers need to take into account spatial differences such as different geographies, access to natural resources, and availability and accessibility of socially-valuable resources such as education, healthcare and transport. Spatial differences can exacerbate inequalities, especially when it comes to rural spaces such as in the Irish midlands, the researchers wrote in the paper.


As the world transitions away from fossil fuels, many regions, and especially rural areas, face both economic and non economic losses (including job losses). Policies that help ensure a just transition for impacted communities, people, and regions are usually referred to as ‘just transition’ policies.


The authors examined a case study from the Irish midlands, where industrial peat extraction for electricity production was discontinued after the closure of associated power plants in 2020.


Under the European Union Just Transition Programme, funding of 169 million euro has been allocated to the region until 2030, as well as 22 million euro put in place by the Irish government, to help communities in the midlands impacted by the closures.


Based on documentary evidence and 30 in-person interviews with community members living in Co. Offaly and Co. Longford, close to the power stations and peatlands where extraction was taking place before closure of the industry, community members felt little was done to prepare the region for a just transition, despite evident decline of the industry for many years, the researchers report.


“Preparing a region to be able to provide alternative livelihood options is critical to absorb the shock of the sudden job cuts. These alternative livelihoods should align with what people in the region want so that the characteristics of the space are maintained,” said Dr Aparajita Banerjee.


Locals felt frustrated and angry, and perceived they were not included in the just transition process. Another theme that emerged was a sense of loss which included tangible job losses and intangible losses due to the connection between the peat industry and the local social and cultural fabric.


Based on these findings, the researchers argued that spatial differences, incorporated in the notion of spatial justice, can enhance social justice or injustice, and thus must be accounted for in policy around the just transition. A lack of alternative jobs and industries in the region, due to prolonged underinvestment, was one issue that emerged from the interviews. Rural development must become part of a long-term just transition policy plan, say the authors in the paper.


The research, which was supported by Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), is published in the journal Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, and is free to read.



For more information:


Just Transition: Embedding social justice in low-carbon futures – UCD Just Transition Research Group


Link to paper



Nexsys researcher chairs session at the International climate change conference in Dublin

Conference delegates


The 6th European Climate Change Adaptation conference took place in Dublin Castle from the 19th to the 21st of June, 2023. 


Professor Eleni Mangina, who is based in UCD’s School of Computer Science and a NexSys-funded investigator, chaired the ‘Social challenges in the energy transition innovation: novel technologies’ session on the 21st of June and presented the portfolio of projects associated with her research group.


‘The event allowed us to engage in meaningful discussions throughout the day. It was a great opportunity to share actual examples of the challenges and potential solutions in the energy transition. We now need to act swiftly to progress our actions at every level,’ said Prof Mangina. 


The goal of the conference, among the goals of the previous ECCA editions, was to inspire adaptation by showcasing solutions, exchanging knowledge, creating connections, and encouraging dialogue.


Along with collaborator Prof. Mohammad Saffari (DCU), the aims and objectives of the Horizon Europe HYSTORE project were presented, she said.


The audience included adaptation experts, researchers, practitioners, policy-makers, local authorities, and the private sector with a focus on businesses already engaged and taking action on climate risk, investors, NGOs, citizens organisations, youth and education organisations, community groups engaged in adaptation, communicators, and all interested individuals. 


Global experts were able to hear from Europe’s leading climate researchers who are using trusted data to develop cutting-edge climate action tools, decision-support platforms and prototype climate services for adapting to the climate challenges they are tasked with addressing.


Besides necessary mitigation measures, adaptation actions contribute to recovery, resilience, climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation and restoration, citizen safety, wellbeing, and financial security, said Mangina. 


The Joint Programme Initiative “Connecting Climate Knowledge for Europe” (JPI Climate), together with the MAGICA project, supported by the European Commission, organized this edition of ECCA. It was an in-person event over two days for up to 500 people, with live streaming of all plenary sessions and interactive hybrid formats.


Learn more about ECCA here: ECCA2023

Science Week 2022 webinar for Houses of the Oireachtas L&RS by NexSys

Science Week 2022 webinar for Houses of the Oireachtas L&RS by NexSys

Future-proofing Ireland’s energy systems

Watch the webinar by Professor Andrew Keane, Director of NexSys and UCD Energy Institute on the work of the Next Generation Energy Systems (NexSys) programme on future-proofing Ireland’s energy systems.

It was hosted by the Houses of the Oireachtas Library & Research Services with Science Foundation Ireland to mark Science Week 2022.


Andrew Keane gives insights across the five research strands of NexSys: Energy Systems, Water, Transport, Offshore Wind, and Cities & Communities. 

Watch the Webinar


Twitter post

Why are bottom-up approaches to renewable energy more acceptable for communities than top-down approaches?

Assoc. Prof. Geertje Schuitema gives an overview of the findings and significance of her research group’s recent publication on Just Transition in the publication Energy Research & Social Science.

“Bottom-up approaches strengthen collective psychological ownership and perceptions of place-technology fit among communities where renewable energy projects are being developed”

Assoc. Prof. Geertje Schuitema, NexSys academic


Vanja Međugorac and Geertje Schuitema.

Why is bottom-up more acceptable than top-down? A study on collective psychological ownership and place-technology fit in the Irish Midlands



It is well known that communities tend to policies proposal by government or industry (so called top-down governance approaches) usually less acceptable than policy proposals that are developed by communities themselves (so-called bottom-up governance approaches).

The aim of this paper was to understand why this is the case. We did a survey study in Lanesborough, a town in the Irish Midlands, which is in transition from a region that heavily depends on fossil fuel production (peat) and is earmarked to become a region for renewable energy.

Community responses

We compared community responses of two existing plans for future development of the region: the development of wind energy which was proposed by Bord na Mona (top-down) and the rewetting of the peatlands including a solar park (bottom-up).

Our findings

We found that the bottom-up approach was more acceptable for communities for two reasons.

    • Firstly, bottom-up approach resulted in a feeling of collective psychological ownership, that is, communities feel that these plans and developments are “theirs”.
    • This feeling of psychological ownership, in turn, meant that communities felt that the development plans fitted much better in the community, which is why they found them more acceptable.

These results suggest that it is important to structure governance processes in such a way that it fosters collective psychological ownership over renewable energy developments. 

How can this be achieved ? This can for example be achieved by using local knowledge and ensuring that public engagement and participation is part of the governance process.

Academic Profile: Assoc. Prof. Geertje Schuitema 


Details of Publication:

Vanja Međugorac, Geertje Schuitema,

Why is bottom-up more acceptable than top-down? A study on collective psychological ownership and place-technology fit in the Irish Midlands.

Energy Research & Social Science, Volume 96, 2023, 102924, ISSN 2214-6296, (


Abstract: Previous research has shown that bottom-up governance approaches enjoy higher community acceptance than top-down approaches. However, it is unclear why this is the case. We investigated this in a survey-based field study in a community in the Irish Midlands that is transitioning away from fossil fuel-based (peat) based energy generation to a renewable energy system. Community members evaluated two scenarios that were part of the actual public debate, that is – a scenario proposed by the government and industry (a top-down scenario), and a scenario proposed by some local community members (a bottom-up scenario). The results showed that, compared to the top-down scenario, the bottom-up scenario was more acceptable, community members felt stronger collective psychological ownership over it, and it was perceived as more place-fitting. Mediation analysis confirmed that higher community acceptance of the bottom-up scenario compared to the top-down one was mediated by stronger feelings of collective psychological ownership and perceptions of place-technology fit community members had regarding the proposed bottom-up development than the top-down one. These results imply that community acceptance is higher under bottom-up governance approaches as they strengthen collective psychological ownership and perceptions of place-technology fit among communities where renewable energy projects are being developed.


Keywords: Community acceptance; Top-down governance; Bottom-up governance; Collective psychological ownership; Place-technology fit; Renewable energy developments